• Welcome to Gypsy Roma Traveller History Month London

Timeline of Romany Gypsy History in Britain

Timeline of British Romany Gypsy History

1514 England – First mention of a Gypsy in the country

1530 England and Wales – Expulsion of Gypsies ordered. Henry VIII forbids the transportation of Gypsies into England

1540 Scotland – Gypsies allowed to live under their own laws

1544 England – Gypsies deported to Norway

1554 England – The death penalty is imposed for any Gypsy not leaving the country within a month

1562 England – Provision of previous Acts widened to include people who live and travel like Gypsies

1573 Scotland – Gypsies either to settle down or leave country

1579 Wales – First record of Gypsies

1611 Scotland – Three Gypsies hanged (under 1554 law)

1660 – 1800 The identity of the English Gypsy Romanichal group is formed.

1714 Scotland – British planters and merchants apply to the Privy Council for Gypsies to be shipped to the Caribbean

1715 Scotland – Ten Gypsies deported to Virginia in the Americas

1822 United Kingdom – Turnpike Act introduced: Gypsies camping on the roadside to be fined

1835 United Kingdom – Highways Act strengthens the provisions of the 1822 Turnpike Act

1885 – 95 England – Unsuccessful attempts to introduce the Moveable Dwellings Bills in Parliament to regulate Gypsy life

1889 England – The Showmen’s Guild formed to oppose the Moveable Dwellings Bills. Showmen begin to become a distinct group from other Travellers or Gypsies.

1908 England – The Children’s Act makes education compulsory for travelling Gypsy children, but only for half a year.

1927 Britain  – RL Turner proves that the phonetics of the Romani language had earlier been linked with the central group of Hindi languages in India

1944 England – Education Act Gypsy children need only attend half a year. Many Gypsy children have no schooling

1945 – 60 England – Gypsies begin to use motor drawn trailers, and buy land for their own stopping places

1960 England and Wales – Caravan Sites Act reduces provision of caravan sites

1966 Britain – Gypsy Council set up

1967 England – First Gypsy Council summer school, in Essex

1968 England and Wales – Caravan Sites Act. Councils to build sites

1970 England – National Gypsy Education Council established

1971 England – First World Romani Congress held near London

1972 England – Romani Guild founded

1977 England and Wales – Cripps report on Gypsies published

1985 England – Bradford ’s attempts to make it illegal for nomadic Gypsies to come within city limits overthrown by the Courts

1985 England – Swann Report publishedfirst major report onThe Educational Needs of Travellers’ Children – Chapter 16

1993 Scotland – Scottish Gypsy Traveller Association set up

1994 Britain – Criminal Justice Act. Nomadism criminalised

1997  England – Romani Refugees from the Slovack Republic arrive in Dover seeking asylum and receive mainly negative reactions and scepticism from local residents and the national news media.

1998 Human Rights Act

2000 England – Irish Travellers recognised as an Ethnic Minority under Race Relations Act

2001 England June – First Gypsy, Roma Traveller History Month in London

2007 England October – Ministarial approval of Gypsy Roma Traveller History Month

2008 England June – First National Gypsy Roma Traveller History Month

 

Adapted from the Cardiff Council website

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